If you don’t fast for any of the days of Ramadan, you’ll be required to pay a charitable form of compensation. You must pay fidya (fidyah) for fasts missed out of necessity, that cannot be made up afterwards. However, for any fasts missed unnecessarily, you’ll need to pay kaffarah.
What is fidya?
When someone cannot fast in Ramadan and can’t make up the lost days afterwards (for example, because of ill health or pregnancy), then they should pay (fidya) for someone else to be fed.
How much do I need to pay?
£5 fidya for each missed fast. This should provide one person with two meals or two people with one meal. However, if someone misses all the fasts of Ramadan, they would need to pay £150.
What is kaffarah?
Kaffarah is the compensation that you must pay if you deliberately miss or break a fast in the month of Ramadan without a valid reason.
What is the required payment?
To atone for the missed/intentionally broken fast, a person must fast continuously for 60 days. If they are unable to do that, then they have to feed 60 poor people at a rate of £5 per person (the cost of an average meal in the UK). Therefore this amounts to £300 kaffarah for each missed/intentionally broken fast.